All forms of neuroimaging fall under the umbrella of brain mapping. Brain mapping can be viewed as an advanced iteration of neuroimaging, generating brain images enhanced by the outcomes of recent data processing or analysis, whether through imaging or non-imaging methods, akin to charts projecting measures of behavior onto specific brain regions.
Neuroimaging divides in 2 main categories:
Structural imaging is employed for examining the composition of the nervous system and diagnosing large-scale intracranial disorders and injuries.
Functional imaging is utilized to diagnose metabolic diseases and pinpoint lesions on a more detailed scale, especially in conditions like Alzheimer's disease. Additionally, it plays a vital role in neurological and cognitive psychology research and in the development of brain-computer interfaces.