The term "traumatic injuries of the central nervous system" (CNS) encompasses both traumatic brain injuries (TBI) and spinal cord injuries (SCI). Both types of injuries play a significant role in morbidity and mortality rates in both developed and developing countries. Traumatic brain injuries often occur due to severe sports injuries or auto accidents. Immediate or delayed symptoms may include confusion, blurred vision, and difficulty concentrating. In infants, persistent crying or irritability may be observed. Treatment may involve a combination of rest, medication, and, in some cases, surgical intervention.